If a question arises before an adult, how to learn to swim independently, it will be correct to send him into the water: a pool or a pond. This skill can be acquired without the help of a trainer, based on online instructions and thematic videos. Regular training and desire are the main factors for successful training and achieving your goal.
It is known that swimming is a skill that allows a person to stay on the water and move through it. Sometimes in adulthood you need to learn this skill. You can do it yourself. Before you begin practical training, you should familiarize yourself with the theoretical foundations of the technique of swimming. There are 4 main swimming styles:
- breaststroke - synchronous movements of the limbs with parallel body positioning of the body (frog-like);
- crawl on the chest - alternate strokes of the left and right sides of the body;
- crawl on the back - the swimmer lies in the water on his back and moves like a rabbit on his stomach;
- butterfly stroke - simultaneous hand strokes and wave-like body movements.
It is easiest for a beginner to master the crawl style on his chest. A subspecies of this style is dog-like, which is performed without taking out the arms. Often the question arises, not only how to learn to swim independently, but also where to conduct your classes: in the sea or in the pool? Both options are the correct answer. Learning to swim adults in the pool will be easier in cases where there is a certain fear of water, and you can still train all year round. Sea water has a high density, so it is easier to stay on its surface.
How to learn to stay on the water
When we learn to swim on our own, the first skill required for mastering is learning to stay on the water. There are several exercises that can help you stay afloat. Each has a prerequisite - full lungs, air from which you can not exhale while you are on the surface of the water. It serves as a kind of lifebuoy that will hold your body without movement and assistive devices.
To learn to stay afloat you will help the well-known exercise "asterisk". It is the foundation of how to learn to swim independently. An asterisk helps overcome fear of water. Proceed as follows:
- go to a shallow depth;
- take in as much air as possible while standing upright;
- lower your face under water;
- spread arms, legs, they need to be straightened at the elbows and knees;
- lie on the surface of the water for as long as possible with straight limbs.
Another useful practical exercise is the float. For its implementation, you will need to move away from the coast so that the water reaches your neck. Take a deep breath, take a dip. After immersion, bend your knees, grab your legs with your palms. Your body will begin to rise up, your back will be above the water. Perform the exercise multiple times to learn not to sink.
To feel the heaviness of the legs, which is stored in the water, try to perform the exercise "slip". Go into the reservoir at chest level, turn to face the shore. Inhale and squat down, completely immersed. Push your feet from the bottom, directing movement up and forward, do not use your hands in the process. Stay in that position for as long as you can. After that, you will feel that the legs fall down, returning the torso upright position.
Video: asterisk exercise on water
Swimming for beginners
For those who want to learn how to quickly learn to swim independently, a number of rules have been developed. Compliance with certain conditions will increase the effectiveness of training and accelerate the learning process:
- eat no later than 2 hours before the lesson;
- optimal time for classes - from 16 to 19 hours;
- swim in a day;
- before swimming, stretch the muscles on the shore.
An important and difficult task is to breathe properly while swimming. Deep breaths need to be done above the water surface, and exhalations - under it. The accumulated air helps to keep a person in the right position. You can learn how to breathe on your own in the same ways that professional swimmers use. To do this, take air into the lungs, plunge into the pool and fully exhale it not through the nose, but through the mouth. Repeat the exercise without interruption.
Hands in a pond or pool move reflexively. They need to be pulled forward and moved alternately clockwise, hold brushes with buckets. The main load on swimmers goes to their feet, so it is important to master the technique of movement of the lower extremities. Spend the first lessons in shallow water in a river or in a shallow part of the pool. Hands hold the bottom of the pond or side of the pool, lying horizontally. Stretch your toe socks and make intense movements with your feet, comparable to the blow of a lash in force. The limbs do not need to bend at the knees, move the entire leg from the hip joint.
How to learn to swim underwater
For those who have mastered the technique of swimming in water, you can proceed to the next step. Start swimming underwater with a workout in the pool. To do this, plunge headlong, try to open your eyes, exhale slowly. When the strong feeling of discomfort passes, you can start swimming. You need to relax and minimize the number of movements. So you can save oxygen as much as possible. Cut the water with your hands, move smoothly, move your legs non-quickly.
How to learn to dive
If you have learned to swim tolerably, then it's time to learn how to dive. This skill will help you get even more pleasure from visiting the beach or pool. For training, use some sinking object: a stone, a toy. Throw it into the water and try to get it from the bottom. Keep your eyes open. If you have an exercise, complicate the task. Use the same item, just don’t get it, but dive after it. Lie down on the water as if you were going to swim. Row your hands down, your head should be below the level of the legs. The next stroke is up to emerge.