Acclimatization during travel inevitably occurs in most cases.
Only a few people can relatively easily endure long trips, moving to several time zones at once, climbing to significant heights. It takes time for the body to get used to a new environment for it. The process of getting used to the new habitat is called acclimatization. The main factors that cause acclimatization are:
- Traveling long distances.
- Flights and travel associated with changing time zones.
- Ascent into the mountains to a height of more than 2 thousand meters.
Signs of acclimatization
Acclimatization and change of time zones - stress for the body. Trying to adapt in a new environment, the body spends significant resources. This causes increased fatigue, drowsiness, irritability and nervousness. Very often there is a deterioration in appetite, fever (in children up to +38.5 degrees). Usually the temperature drops the very next day, so there is no need to rush to drink antipyretic drugs.
Often travelers have a sore throat, cough, runny nose, and even a sore throat. The so-called so-called appearance is also possible. diarrhea of travelers. These signs of adaptation of the body are symptoms of acclimatization. In some cases, shortness of breath, palpitations, increased sweating are observed.
How long can it last
The addiction of an adult organism to a new habitat can last from 2 to 4 days. If a person has already traveled long distances and to the same area, acclimatization is much faster. In a child, adaptation occurs within 3-6 days. Some parents take a supply of water from home to speed up the process of getting used to the new climate.
The need for acclimatization exists in both adults and children. And although the child’s body is easier to bear loads and stresses, acclimatization is not the case. To adapt to a new environment, the child’s body spends considerable effort. Mobilization of the body's forces can cause poor appetite, and if an adult understands this completely, then a small child cannot tell that he has a poor appetite. If the baby has never traveled south, the adaptation lasts 5 days or more. For this reason, pediatricians are strongly advised to carry the baby to the sea for the first time for a period of at least 20 days, otherwise most of the vacation will go on acclimatization.
How to reduce the consequences when traveling south
Traveling to a vacation destination in the south involves flying to countries with a hot climate. The heat exacerbates the symptoms of acclimatization, so the first thing to do is to reduce the time spent in the heat and under the sun for at least the first few days. In the early days in the south, it is better not to consume a large amount of food, but you need to drink a lot. To reduce the symptoms of acclimatization, you should start taking adaptogens on a natural basis - ginseng and eleutherococcus. A month before the trip, you need to take a course of intensive physical training, jogging, fitness classes, etc. are perfect for these purposes.
After long flights in different time zones
A prolonged sitting position on board the aircraft negatively affects one's well-being. Therefore, every half hour you need to do warm-up legs - bend them in the knee joint, bend-unbend the feet. A few weeks before a long flight, you should start exercise, so the body will get used to the increased load. Immediately after the flight, it is better not to eat a lot, but you need to drink plenty of water. During the flight, you can consume alcohol in an amount of not more than 50 grams of pure alcohol.
Doctors recommend choosing flights that arrive at the destination airport late in the evening. In this case, the tourist goes directly to the hotel, and not to the sea or on an excursion. Good rest and relaxation after the flight significantly reduce the effects of acclimatization. On the contrary, severe fatigue after the journey and the first day at sea aggravate the symptoms of acclimatization. The use of natural-based preparations, ginseng, eleutherococcus, and foods high in vitamin C will help relieve body fatigue.
How to acclimatize in the mountains
The human body is poorly adapted for a sharp change in height. An organism that is not accustomed to climbing to a high altitude will not be easy - an increased rarefaction of the air, a decrease in the oxygen content in the air and a lower temperature will contribute to the onset of the so-called. "mountain sickness." Approximately every fourth person climbing to a height of 3-4 thousand meters is contraindicated. Those who plan to climb to a height of more than 2 thousand meters should keep this in mind. Before going to the mountains, you should do sports intensively for several months.
Re-acclimatization is equally important
The traveler should know that after returning from a long and distant journey lasting more than 15 days, the reverse process will inevitably occur - re-acclimatization. Acclimatization after rest lasts 3-4 days. After returning from a vacation or cruise, some people due to a decrease in immunity catch colds, which are difficult to treat, and proceed with complications. The fact is that due to the harmful effects of sunlight and fatigue, re-acclimatization is more difficult. Therefore, after returning home, the first days should be given to a quiet rest, so that getting used to the old climate goes without hassles.
See how the tourist can avoid the problem of acclimatization in the next story.CTV.BY: How can a tourist avoid the problem of acclimatization?