Lichen is a skin disease that is expressed in lesions of the skin. About a dozen varieties of the disease are known: depending on the form of the disease, lichen causes rashes of various colors and on different parts of the body. The form of rashes (spots on the body) is also different. How to treat lichen in humans, doctors decide in each case - it is necessary to determine the type of lichen.
The causative agent of lichen is one of the varieties of a microscopic fungus. Some fungi infect only people, others are animals, retaining pathogens that affect human immunity. The viral nature of lichen has also been proven - it is known that people with poor immunity often suffer from this ailment.
Damage to the skin with lichen rashes can still be caused by stress, allergies, respiratory infections. Sometimes treatment is not required: if the disease proceeds in a latent form, its symptoms go away by themselves. It is also known that depriving the body of some forms is able to cope on its own. In other cases, you need to immediately begin treatment.
Where to start treatment depriving
Immediately after rashes or red spots are found on the skin, we advise you to consult a dermatologist to begin treatment. If you do not delay with going to the doctor, then you will be able to go through the treatment quickly, otherwise, to get rid of depriving the process is long and long. In some cases, herpes resembles a lesion, so the diagnosis needs to be clarified. But even an experienced specialist is sometimes difficult to determine the type of lichen, it is necessary to conduct special studies.
How do you know which lichen struck you? From photographs presented on the Internet, it is difficult to accurately determine and recognize the type of rash, it is only possible to see what the pink lichen looks like. The success of treatment depends on how quickly the therapy is started and whether the medicine for the disease is correctly selected. Indeed, in some cases, removing and treating lichen is not easy, sometimes the disease can be treated at home.
All types of disease and their treatment
In most cases, people suffer from this kind of skin ailment. The disease is transmitted from person to person, as well as from animals to people. The causative agent is a microscopic fungus trichophyton. For the treatment of this type of disease, external and internal medication is usually prescribed. It is better to start therapy after consulting a dermatologist.
If the focus of the disease is a small area of the skin whose surface is dry, topical administration of ointments such as Clotrimazole, Lamisil, Miconazole, etc. If the fungus managed to infect a large area of the skin, the use of ointments will have to be combined with the use of antibiotics - tablets or subcutaneous injections, such as Orungal or Griseofulvin. In this case, it is impossible to get rid of the disease without the complete destruction of trichophytone cells.
If the causative agent affects the scalp and neck, the chin is prescribed to wash the hair with Nizoral shampoo. This remedy will eliminate burning and peeling of the skin, other unpleasant symptoms. Hair on affected areas of the skin needs to be cut off.
Treatment of multicolored lichen
If the disease first made itself felt, sunbathing will help get rid of it - ultraviolet will quickly destroy the pathogen. But the problem is that multi-colored or colored lichen easily passes into the chronic stage. If in the warm period of time the wounds begin to heal, then in the winter ailment makes itself felt with new manifestations.
Therefore, it is better to combine ultraviolet treatment with the treatment of depriving foci - to smear the affected areas with "Miconazole" and other medications, as well as exfoliating agents (salicylic alcohol). The scheme is as follows: during the day, the lesion is lubricated with an antifungal drug, in the evening the skin is treated with salicylic alcohol, and at night it is necessary to anoint “Miconazole” on the wound. After 4-5 days, the skin will recover, the wounds will stop itching and heal.
Treatment of this type of disease is carried out in three directions. Affected areas of the skin (purulent vesicles) are treated with "green" or they are cauterized with other drugs. To eliminate the focus of infection, "Acyclovir" is prescribed. If the skin is very itchy, sore, has a wet surface, medications to reduce pain, creams or ointments are prescribed. Finally, for a speedy recovery, doctors recommend starting taking vitamin complexes.
Treatment for flat lichen
This type of skin ailment mainly affects women. For the treatment of the disease, antibiotics, hormonal and antihistamines are used - hydrocortisone ointment, penicillin group preparations, Tavegil. - For severe pain and itching, analgesics are recommended. To increase the body's defenses, doctors advise taking medications and vitamins to increase immunity.
A video on how to treat lichen in a person, what methods to deal with an ailment, how to recover once and for all, will help you understand the causes, symptoms and methods of combating this disease.
How to treat lichen in humans - folk methods
The methods of traditional medicine are used in parallel with the main means of deprivation prescribed by a doctor. Do not self-medicate, choosing this simple and inexpensive method, because it may not be possible to help, but only aggravate the development of the disease.
Lemon treatment (fruits)
Squeeze the juice from 1 lemon fruit, treat the lesions 3 times a day until the skin is restored.
Treatment with soapwort ordinary (root)
The infusion of the root of the soapwort is prepared as follows: chop 1 tsp. medicinal plants, boil in 200 grams of water and cool. Insist soap dish should be for six hours. Do not forget to strain the tincture through cheesecloth. Drink 1 tbsp. every two hours throughout the day. Repeat the procedure until the disease is completely cured.
Garlic treatment (heads)
Procedures related to applying and treating the affected area with garlic help a lot. We offer two effective ways.
- Crush a few cloves of garlic with a garlic squeezer. Apply garlic mass to a sore spot, keep for 10-15 minutes. The course of treatment lasts three to four days.
- Cut a few cloves of garlic in half, wipe the affected areas of the skin with them. For a greater effect, we recommend that after this procedure, treat the affected area with a mixture of burdock root and crushed charcoal.
- Ground pine rosin.
- Pork fat (melted steamed).
All components of the patch are used in a ratio of 1 to 1. It is necessary to melt the wax, mix it with rosin. Then add lard in small portions. During cooking, the mass must be constantly mixed. After the mass is homogeneous, let it cool. The resulting mixture should be applied to a sterile bandage or gauze, attached to the affected area. Change the bandage twice a day, part of the mixture will be absorbed by the skin, the rest must be removed with gauze. Carry out the procedure until the sore is completely eliminated.
Birch bud ointment
- Pork fat - 500 grams
- Fresh birch buds - 1 cup
Melt steamed pork fat, crush birch buds. Mix the ingredients into a homogeneous mass. Next, put the mass in clay dishes, and reheat in the oven for a week for three hours a day. On the last day, drain the melted fat, discard the remaining kidneys. Apply the resulting ointment to the affected area.
Grind the roots and leaves of celery (taken in a ratio of 1 to 1), apply a mixture of roots and leaves to the affected areas. The effect of this treatment is increased by the simultaneous intake of celery juice - 2 tbsp. thrice a day.
Prevention measures: how not to get infected with lichen
Lichen is a contagious disease. The main way to protect yourself from illness is to regularly observe personal hygiene. Do not touch your hands with stray animals - cats and dogs.
If you have to constantly look after the patient, you should follow special precautions. We advise you to constantly wash your hands with means that destroy the causative agent of the disease - trichophytosis. Ordinary household soap showed itself well in this regard. The drug "Citeal", dissolved in water, forms a dense foamy mass that destroys the fungus. You need to wash your head and body with the Nizoral antifungal shampoo.
The causative agent of lichen remains viable outside the human body for three months. In the room, apartment, where the patient is located, every day it is necessary to do wet cleaning using Alpinol or Alaminol. All upholstered furniture, carpets or toys need to be temporarily removed. The patient’s clothes and bedding are washed separately. All laundry must be ironed after washing. To prevent relapse, after you have managed to cure the disease, take blood tests. With the first symptoms of depriving, consult a doctor, do not self-medicate so that the disease does not have time to go into the chronic phase.Attention! The information presented in the article is for guidance only. Materials of the article do not call for independent treatment. Only a qualified doctor can make a diagnosis and give recommendations for treatment based on the individual characteristics of a particular patient.