The viscose that we are familiar with was invented in 1884 by the French scientist Guiller de Chardonnay. Previous attempts by other researchers have failed. Viscose material gained great popularity after 150 years, in the twentieth century. Enterprises began to mass produce clothes, underwear from a versatile and varied viscose. This is the only artificial fiber of natural origin. How can this be? Let's figure it out.
Description and characteristics of viscose fabric
What is viscose is synthetic or natural fabric? The answer is unequivocal - this is not natural material. It is produced on the basis of natural cellulose (wood). Sawdust of various tree species is turned into a thick liquid called cellulose xanthate. A whole day under high pressure is cooking wood in a solution of calcium hydrosulfite. Threads are formed from the resulting mass by forcing. It is interesting that if the same mass is pressed through thinner holes, then a well-known polyethylene film is obtained.
If we consider the synthetic fibers used for textile production, then viscose is the most “natural” synthetics, because the sawdust (cellulose) used is of plant origin. Thanks to the use of modern technologies in production, we obtain fabrics that a layman can not distinguish from silk, linen or cotton. For its luster and smooth surface, viscose is called "artificial silk." To make it dull, it is diluted with special additives.
Properties and advantages
Properties of viscose fabric are very similar to natural, in particular to cotton. Soft to the touch, pleasant to touch the skin material, looks perfect in products and has a number of other advantages. For example:
- Antiallergenicity. The material does not cause skin irritation even in people prone to dermatological problems.
- Breathability. Like cotton, viscose is a breathable material; the body does not receive the “sauna effect”.
- Hygroscopicity. The material has a high ability to absorb moisture. This figure is twice as high as that of cotton.
- Antistatic. The fabric is not able to accumulate static electricity, does not spark during friction.
- Thermoregulation. Viscose is warm in winter, but not hot in summer.
- Persistent staining. A variety of colors for coloring is well perceived by viscose. The material does not fade, it retains the brightness of colors for a long time.
- In washing, the fabric proved to be "excellent". It dries quickly.
Varieties of viscose
- Tensel (lyocel). This viscose is derived from eucalyptus wood. According to its characteristics, the material is close to cotton, soft, pleasant, silky to the touch. It absorbs moisture well, is characterized by increased strength. Easy to wrinkle. It is used for sewing bed linen, clothes, textile products for the home.
- Modal. It corresponds to cotton in quality, but its hygroscopicity is one and a half times higher. It has high wear resistance. In combination with cotton fibers, modal is used for sewing bed textiles.
- Acetate. For production, cellulose waste is used - acetyl cellulose. The fabric comes out thin, with a slight sheen, outwardly resembles silk. Resistant to deformation, does not tolerate high temperatures, dissolves under the influence of acetone. Acetate is often used as lining.
- Cupra. The most expensive and high-quality type of viscose. It is made on the basis of cotton cellulose. Material in appearance and quality indicators is close to silk. It has high breathability, thermoregulation, and durability. It requires delicate care. Cupra fabric is used for tailoring evening and holiday dresses.
Answers to frequently asked questions
When buying a finished viscose product or fabric for individual tailoring, often there are questions about the application: how will the acquired thing behave during socks, during and after washing. According to their characteristics, all types of viscose material are similar to each other. Let's analyze the most exciting moments regarding this fabric, based on the feedback of people using viscose products.
Viscose - stretches or not?
Unfortunately, pure viscose fabric will stretch. Due to this drawback, clothes can lose their shape and deform. To avoid this, and the buyer was not disappointed, in the manufacture of fabric, viscose is sometimes added with elastane or lycra, depending on the intended sewing of the products. The content in the fabric of elastane enhances the wear resistance of the thing and is not subjected to excessive stretching, which is typical for stretch.
How to care for fabric
- Wash only in delicate mode. Both manual and machine are allowed.
- Use mild detergents, preferably gel-like, without phosphates.
- Wash in water with a temperature of no more than 40 degrees.
- Due to the fact that in a wet state, viscose loses its strength properties, twisting and hard spinning is not recommended.
- Dry away from heating appliances, preferably horizontally.
- Iron on the wrong side in silk mode, do not use steaming.
Photo: what viscose fabric looks like
To buy quality fabric, you need to know how it looks. The selection of photographs below will help you understand the differences between different types of viscose by external signs. Products based on this universal fabric look high quality, elegant, beautiful. With the knowledge gained, you can easily distinguish viscose from other fabrics yourself.
Video: what is viscose and what does it consist of
Sometimes, to figure out a question, it’s easier to watch the video. If you prefer to receive information in this format, find out about the details of the production of viscose material by watching the video below. Having studied the whole process of creating things from this fabric, you will never confuse it with others. See how viscose is obtained - a modern material that meets the high requirements of hypoallergenicity, hygroscopicity, breathability, and beautiful appearance.