Dreaming of female happiness, the fairer sex is buying a room flower with the Greek name spathiphyllum. Outwardly resembles a white sail, which gives hope that the achievement of the goal is not far off. Caring for a flower women's happiness should be especially scrupulous, so as not to spoil, according to popular beliefs, fate.
How to care for spathiphyllum at home
You can grow a perennial plant without complicated manipulations, especially if you follow certain rules, from the choice of soil to the quality and irrigation conditions. Spathiphyllum is not whimsical during daily care, therefore it is easy to take root even in the same area with the novice "gardener". The evergreen bush pleasantly pleases the eye if you put it on the window.
The main parameters for the care of spathiphyllum at home are the correctly selected pot size, acceptable ambient temperature, sufficient humidity, harmonious placement in the room, and light entering the leaflets. In order for the care of spathiphyllum to be adequate, and female happiness really bring joy and peace, it is recommended to remember the following care rules for yourself:
As the flower grows, it is required to transplant into a spacious pot, and it is advisable to do this in the spring. To acquire special soil in the store or to prepare yourself. A clay pot is a good choice. It is capable of maintaining a required level of humidity for a long time and providing affordable care.
- This thermophilic plant from the tropics does not tolerate cold, drafts when leaving. The optimum temperature regime is limited to 18-23 degrees. Overheating is also harmful, as female happiness begins to rapidly fade, it no longer pleases with its impeccable appearance.
- Such a moisture-loving flower under natural conditions grows in swamps, rivers. The higher the ambient temperature, the more often it needs to be watered. With cooling, it is required to reduce the level of humidity, and to water only as the soil dries up. Inadequate care is harmful, as is overflow.
- The placement of the flower is appropriate on the north side of the room, but also on the window of the south direction grows abundantly, continuously. Choosing the most convenient place, the main thing is to exclude direct sunlight. The heating battery may be nearby, but it is better not to overheat the plant when leaving, to dose doses of heat and natural color flow. When exposed to dry air, the plant will dry, and the tips of the leaves turn black.
- Spathiphyllum is a shade-tolerant indoor flower. The light must be scattered, because the direct rays of the sun are the real pests of natural and full bloom. If they get in excess, the plant may wilt, begin to turn yellow. But the lack of lighting makes the leaves small and elongated in shape.
How to fertilize spathiphyllum
This flower of the aroid family is required to be sprayed, timely to protect the roots from small and not always noticeable pests. For feeding once in three weeks, mineral fertilizers of low concentration are used. Before spraying with a special composition and after such a session, it is necessary to water the indoor flower with warm water. Subject to this rule, fertilizers are protected from aphids, sooty fungus, spider mites, scutes, mealybugs.
How to water
For irrigation use distilled or boiled water with a low chlorine content. It can be acidified, and for this a liter of warm liquid should be diluted with 5 drops of vinegar, mixed. Watering spathiphyllum at home is plentiful in the summer and moderate for the cold season. If black spots appear on the leaves, this means that the basics of watering are violated, and the flower may gradually disappear.
When leaving, it is especially responsible to take the choice of soil, otherwise the leaves will soon begin to turn yellow. The soil for spathiphyllum should be a mixture of sheet earth, sphagnum, peat, river sand. It is required to combine the right amount of each ingredient, determine the resulting composition in a pot and only after planting spathiphyllum, moisturize.
If the flower blooms regularly, you can wait a while with the transplant, to conduct it no more than once per year. When the leaves turn yellow, it is better to pick up a more spacious pot, transplant an indoor plant unscheduled. The optimal time for transplantation of spathiphyllum at home is spring, the height of the flowerpot is no more than 20 cm. After placing the flower in the pot, moisten generously, remove it in the shade when leaving. Will die gradually, how long it takes - an individual question. An alternative to replanting is updating the topsoil.
There are three known methods of propagation - cuttings, sleeping buds and seeds. The grown flowers look equally beautiful, but there are some nuances. During vegetation, a young plant can bloom in 8-10 months from the time of planting. If spathiphyllum is propagated by seeds, the flowering period with proper care begins only after 3-4 years.
Spathiphyllum - diseases
If the flower is sluggish, and the leaves continue to dry - poor care, treatment is required. It is important to know the diseases of spathiphyllum in order to save female happiness in time. If soot fungus is harmful, treat the plant with soapy water. From mealybug any alcohol will help with which to process the leaves. If a spider mite appears, the flowers will also dry. The benefit is soap solution.
What to make spathiphyllum bloomed
To reveal the secret, you need to understand the reason. To bloom spathiphyllum white or red, eliminate improper watering, excessive light flow, regulate the bait process, control air humidity. Only then, a blooming flower can be safely associated with the approaching female happiness, called a good omen for the future. If you buy spathiphyllum - home care will not cause trouble.