An important event - the prevention of pediculosis in children - is aimed at maintaining the health of the hair of the child and preventing re-infection with lice. Blood-sucking insects cause unpleasant itching, can be carriers of severe infections. Learn more about how to protect yourself from lice, which preventive measures are most effective and safe for a child and an adult.
What is pediculosis in children
This disease is known to many parents of children of a younger age group if the child attends a swimming pool, elementary school or kindergarten. Pediculosis is a dermatological disease of the scalp caused by lice. Blood-sucking insects parasitize on the patient’s hair. A characteristic sign of the presence of the disease is annoying itching. The child can comb the scalp to wounds that are covered with hard crusts. Areas of profuse damage - this is the area behind the ears, temples, nape.
The body of the parasite is perfectly adapted to move and attach itself through the hair of the victim. It is a flat, oral apparatus of a piercing-sucking type. They can release a substance in the blood that causes allergies. The nits attach at the base of the hair very tightly. Insects love hairy areas with delicate skin that is easy to bite through and get nourished. Parents who find intruders can clearly see a large number of parasites on the head of their child. Find out what steps you need to take to protect your child from lice.
Causes of occurrence
The disease is transmitted by domestic means. The problem is a violation of the rules for using personal hygiene products. The main condition for infection is contact with the infected person or the use of his things (underwear, hats, clothes, hair combs). A great risk of getting lice arises when a child visits a swimming pool, summer camp, or school. More likely to become infected is in childhood than in adulthood, even if the child is very clean. Lice can exist for about a week without a host and food.
Causes of head lice:
decreased activity of the immune system and the body's defenses;
- close contact with an infected person or household items;
- contact of infected things with things of a healthy person (public wardrobe, travel in transport).
Prevention of lice in children
To exclude infection, children need lice prophylaxis, preventive measures. When sending a child to a camp, a public circle, a conversation should be held in the family. Tell us that lice are carriers of dangerous infections. Forbid the girl, especially with long hair, from using someone else's hairbrushes and explain why you should not allow others to use their own. Say that to braid braids, do hairstyles only with your hairpins. There are special products on a plant and chemical basis for prevention.
Prevention of lice and nits at home
Sometimes a sick child does not know about his illness, so after each bath carefully examine the body, hair for nits and lice. Prohibit your child:
is close to children from dysfunctional families, communicate closely with them;
- play near construction sites, abandoned buildings;
- braid other girls with braids;
- use old mattresses, blankets, pillows and furniture in games.
Regular prevention of lice and nits at home will bring you a good result. Treatment of the baby's skin with folk remedies or products of the pharmaceutical industry can be done at home. You must carefully select the composition. You can contact a pediatric dermatologist: he examines your child for the presence of blood-sucking parasites and gives recommendations for their elimination. Observing the general rules of hygiene, the child will not be infected.
Pediculosis Prevention at School
To prevent an epidemic and reduce incidence, pediculosis is prevented at school. It is aimed at identifying foci of pediculosis by a health care provider. Prevention is carried out four times a year, after each vacation. A spot check may take place two weeks before the end of the school year and after it begins. A nurse examines the scalp of children. If a case of infection is detected, the child is suspended from school until complete recovery.
If lice are found, the senior nurse conducts special sanitary treatment for pediculosis. The work is done according to the established algorithm:
The nurse puts on protective clothing (dressing gown, scarf, gloves, mask);
- The patient is placed or seated on a couch covered with oilcloth. He is explained the need and sequence of actions. Cover the neck and shoulders with a cloak.
- The patient's hair is treated with an anti-pediculant (lotion, shampoo, spray). Cover the head with a hat and leave the drug for the time specified in the instructions.
- The hair is washed and combed with a rare comb for 10-15 minutes.
- All patient clothing is removed, sent for disinfection.
- In the medical history, a mark is made on the treatment and the drug used.
In preschool, lice are not uncommon. Frequent epidemics can be explained by the lack of education, the lack of education of many young parents. Prevention of pediculosis in kindergarten is a weekly check of all children for parasites. Inspection is carried out, also upon receipt of the child in the kindergarten. Medical professionals use scallops and a magnifying glass, although in good light it is easy to detect lice.
Duration of quarantine in kindergarten
The basis for permission to visit a child care facility is a certificate from a doctor about the absence of lice in the child. The duration of quarantine for pediculosis in kindergarten may be different (depending on the time of treatment). The modern pharmaceutical industry provides quick action tools. If lice were found in one pupil, all parents of the group should examine their children. The main thing is the simultaneous treatment of all patients, choose an effective remedy with your doctor.
A wide selection of tools for the prevention of lice sometimes puts parents with a difficult choice. There are herbal and chemical preparations. The action is aimed at scaring away bloodsucking parasites. Before using the drug on a child, conduct a sensitivity test to avoid allergic reactions. If at school, kindergarten there are frequent occurrences of cases of pediculosis, periodically treat the child. Disease prevention is better than cure.
Most shampoos can be used for treatment. Washing your hair with a specialized product should be done once a week. This method of getting rid of parasites is effective and simple. Carefully read the instructions, drugs have a different lower age threshold, contraindications. Common and safe shampoos used in children's practice:
A special baby aerosol or spray to prevent lice is a good way to prevent infection. Spray can be given to the child with you in the camp. The main thing is to tell how to use it. Sprays that have proven their effectiveness are: Pair Plus, Avalanche, Neat Free, Pediculen Ultra. The preparations contain toxic components for lice, which can deter insects and their larvae.
Popular recommendations for protection against lice
Prevention of pediculosis in children includes the use of folk remedies. Popular recommendations for protection against lice - this is an effective prevention. The repellent properties of lice in anise and tea tree oil are known. You can simply add a few drops to a shampoo or hair balm and the parasites will not attack you. Tea tree oil is a good remedy for dandruff and scalp diseases with regular use. you need to do masks with him once a week.
The pungent odor of tar soap or shampoo will scare off the parasites. The aroma is well absorbed by the hair, but it will be difficult to force the child to wash his hair with such a product. There are modern shampoos with fragrances that drown out the smell of tar, but their effectiveness against lice has not been proven. It is recommended to wash your hair with tar soap if there was contact with an infected person.
Hair can be rinsed with a weak solution of vinegar to protect against pediculosis infection. Make sure that the solution does not get into the eyes of the child. Decoctions of the roots of elecampane, angelica, white bird cherry have a good effect. Geranium oil added to the shampoo will protect the baby from parasites. Remember that applying any folk method to a child requires a pediatrician's advice.
Video: Lice Prevention
Reviewsreview name = "
Alina, 33 years old "content =" After a child visited the camp, a minor nuisance happened: the son brought lice home. I didn’t notice right away, about three days later I saw that the child was constantly scratching his head behind his ears. I didn’t know what to give, but a neighbor suggested the proven Plus Plus spray. They treated his head, and everything passed. As a prevention of lice, I wash my head with geranium oil. "
Veronika, 26 years old There was an itch in the head area, went to a dermatologist and I was surprised with a diagnosis of head lice (lice). I suspect that I got infected in the pool. The doctor prescribed to use a special shampoo and comb out the hair with a scallop, repeat the procedure after 3 days. Now I visit the pool only in a hat and periodically wash my head with that shampoo.
Olga, 55 years old. The grandson had an entire epidemic of pediculosis in school. I am an experienced herbalist, I know that scares off lice. So that the boy could not bring insects, she made a strong decoction of wormwood, elecampane roots and chamomile flowers. Rubbed into his head every night and as a result, half of the class suffered from head lice, and he was healthy. I will not advise a bad remedy.
Egor, 30 years old After traveling to Asia Minor with his family, spending the night in hotels they brought home uninvited guests - lice. Their wife discovered that in childhood I was poisoned with kerosene or shaved my head on my bald head. I went to the pharmacy and bought lotion right away for everyone. Caused, waited 10 minutes, washed off and lice as if nothing had happened. Now on trips we always take several remedies for head lice.Attention! The information presented in the article is for guidance only. Materials of the article do not call for independent treatment. Only a qualified doctor can make a diagnosis and give recommendations for treatment based on the individual characteristics of a particular patient.