Sumamed for children is considered the most effective antibiotic of the new generation, the instructions for use of which include information that the drug can be used to treat infectious diseases. The medicine is effective in the fight against respiratory infections. Children's Sumamed can affect a huge number of pathogenic microbes: staphylococcus, pneumococcus, streptococcus.
What is Sumamed
The drug antibacterial spectrum of exposure Sumamed with a high concentration of azithromycin is widely used in various fields of medicine. The active substance of a strong drug quickly penetrates the focus of the disease thanks to blood cells and inhibits the synthesis of microbes, slowing their growth and preventing further reproduction. In addition, the drug has a bactericidal effect on certain microorganisms, i.e. leads to the death of the main pathogens. The half-life of the antibiotic is 72 hours.
The active compound of the antibiotic Sumamed includes the active substance - azithromycin and some auxiliary components that provide rapid absorption of the drug into the tissues of the body. The substance acts at a cellular deep level, while destroying the structure of microbes. The concentration of the active component may be between 125 and 500 mg. Excipients of the drug:
- corn starch;
- anhydrous calcium hydrogen phosphate;
- sodium lauryl sulfate;
- microcrystalline cellulose;
- polysorbate 80;
- magnesium stearate;
- dye indigo carmine.
Is it an antibiotic or not
Sumamed is a powerful antibacterial agent belonging to the category of macrolides. This non-toxic, safe group rarely causes side effects and effectively destroys pathogens. This antibiotic is prescribed by a doctor for children and adults for the treatment of bacterial infections. You can buy it without a prescription in any pharmacy. The active substance azithromycin is active against many bacteria, but some of them are resistant to macrolides, so a sensitivity test should be done before use.
Release form Sumamed for children
The drug is available in several forms that are convenient for use:
- 250 mg gelatin capsules. On sale can be found with a dosage of 500 mg.
- Powder with active ingredient 100 mg. Can be used to prepare a suspension. The syrup has a sweet, pleasant taste of cherries, strawberries and bananas. A syringe dispenser (measuring spoon) comes with the bottle. Sumamed suspension is recommended for treating young children.
- Hard film tablets. They must be swallowed whole. Available in dosages of 500 and 125 mg.
- Lyophilisate for injection and solution. It is used only for patients over 16 years old, in the treatment of severe forms of respiratory tract diseases and infectious and inflammatory diseases of the pelvic organs.
The broad-spectrum antibiotic has a bacteriostatic effect and resistance to acidic environments, which helps it to be distributed and rapidly absorbed from the digestive tract. The substance is excreted from the body with bile, urine. Maintains active concentration in the affected area for one week after use. The use of macrolides is effective against gram-positive, anaerobic pathogens. The maximum content of Sumamed in the blood is reached after about 3 hours. A doctor can prescribe an antibacterial drug. The elimination period averages 4 days.
Indications for use
The antibacterial drug Sumamed is indicated for ailments caused by streptococci, gram-positive cocci and anaerobic organisms. The medication can be used for administration in children from 6 months, but only on condition that the baby's weight is 10 kg or more. You can not give Sumamed to a child yourself, because the drug is a strong antibiotic. It is necessary to consult a specialist who, after conducting an examination and passing tests, will choose the appropriate treatment regimen. Children's diseases in which Sumamed can be prescribed:
- a duodenal ulcer and stomach ulcer caused by bacteria;
- Lyme disease (in the initial stage);
- severe infections of ENT organs: tonsillitis, scarlet fever, otitis media, sore throat, sinusitis, bronchitis (Sumamed is prescribed for pneumonia in children);
- skin diseases: erysipelas, streptoderma, impetigo, secondary dermatitis.
How to breed Sumamed
Especially for small patients, a suspension powder has been developed that is easy to prepare on your own at home. In the vial with the medicine, add the amount of water that is indicated in the instructions (the dose of the powder is different, so a certain amount of liquid will be needed for dilution) and shake well until a homogeneous consistency. After preparation, the finished suspension in the bottle will be more than 5 ml. The solution is suitable for use no more than five days. It is recommended to use this form of medication once a day.
Instructions for use
The administration of capsules, suspensions and tablets depends on the weight, age of the patient and on what stage of the disease and whether there are complications. The dosage of Sumamed for children should be calculated by the pediatrician for the course of treatment. Capsules are prescribed for children aged 12 years, tablets - for babies from 4 years, injections - after 16, and a suspension - from 6 months. The drug in any form is recommended to drink an hour before meals. In the case of a single skip dose of the drug - the drug should be taken as soon as possible.
For diseases of the respiratory tract, ailments of ENT organs, skin diseases (excluding migratory chronic erythema), children weighing 45 kg and over 12 years of age are prescribed a dose of 500 mg once a day. The course of administration is 3 days, the dose of the drug should not exceed 1.5 g. For six-month-old children and older, a medicine is prescribed at a rate of 10 mg per kg of body weight, but not more than 30 mg. The course of admission is 5 days.
Sumamed in tablets for children is dosed based on the value of body weight: at 18-30 kg, 2 tablets of 125 mg are prescribed; from 31 to 45 kg - 3 to 375 mg; more than 45 kg - adult doses are prescribed. Tablets should be taken orally without chewing, preferably an hour before meals, once a day. Children who are less than three years old must use the medicine in the form of a powder of 100 mg / 5 ml or 200 mg / 5 ml.
The most ideal form of treatment for school and preschool children is a suspension that is convenient to take. As a rule, the course of treatment is 3 or 5 days. Taking the medicine is possible only 2 hours after eating. After the powder is dissolved with water, a homogeneous suspension of light yellow or white color with a pleasant strawberry odor should be obtained.
The dose of the medicine for children from 6 months to 4 years old should be calculated based on the weight of the baby, on average it should be 10 mg per kilogram - in the first two days from the onset of the onset of the disease, then it should be taken according to the 5 mg / kg regimen. Before each use of the drug, the vial with the prepared suspension must be shaken. The medicine should be stored in the refrigerator. The desired dose is measured using the attached measuring spoon or using a syringe.
How often can I drink
Many parents are often interested in the question of how to take Sumamed to children. Based on the fact that the drug is a strong antibiotic, only a doctor should prescribe it, he also paints a detailed dosage for taking the medicine. There are certain rules that parents should follow if Sumamed is prescribed for their child:
- newborn antibiotic therapy can be carried out after his body weight is equal to 10 kg (this is at least six months);
- if for 6 months a sick child has already received the medicine, then you can not give it again;
- the drug is taken 5 days, if after this time there is no improvement, you need to seek help at the hospital;
- infusions of the drug to children under 16 years of age should not be done;
- like any modern antibacterial drug Sumamed can cause an allergic reaction, so you must carefully monitor the condition of the baby.
For respiratory infections, the antibiotic cannot be combined with alcohol, as azithromycin enhances its effect and increases the concentration in the blood. Antacids containing magnesium, aluminum reduce the absorption of azithromycin, so the medicine must be drunk two hours after using these drugs. When necessary, the sharing with warfarin should monitor the patient's condition. Subject to a certain time interval, Sumamed for children can be taken simultaneously with other drugs:
- Dihydroergotamine: enhances its effect;
- tetracyclines or chloramphenicol: increased efficacy of Sumamed;
- food or antacids (in this case, the use of azithromycin is only reduced);
- Cycloserine or indirect anticoagulants;
- valproic acid, carbamazepine, phenytoin, bromocriptine.
Side effects and overdose
Pediatricians prescribe Sumamed, as a rule, after passing tests for sensitivity, but sometimes the specialist conducts only an external examination of a small patient and, on the basis of this, makes a decision on taking Sumamed. Ideally, the doctor should determine in advance whether the baby has allergies and what antibiotics have been given to him over the past six months. Among the adverse reactions in the case of the use of a high dosage of the drug in children, it is often noted:
- skin rash;
- heart rhythm disturbance;
- high activity of liver enzymes;
- neurological disorders;
According to reviews of many parents, a modern antibiotic from the macrolide group as a whole has the most gentle effect on the children's body. A rare side effect of Sumamed is a violation of the intestinal microflora. As a rule, against the background of antibiotic use, dysbiosis appears, therefore, bifidobacteria and lactobacilli, probiotics Acipol or Linex are often prescribed along with the medicine. After the main treatment, the parents of the babies need to take a recovery course.
Prescribing an antibiotic by a pediatrician for infectious diseases is more likely to be preventative in order to avoid complications caused by the virus. Before you start taking the medicine, you should be aware of who should not drink this medicine. The drug is contraindicated in pregnant women and women who are breastfeeding. Use with caution with:
- allergies to the composition of the drug;
- individual intolerance to the components;
- myasthenia gravis;
- liver diseases;
- kidney disease
- concomitant use with ergotamine;
- heart rhythm disturbance (arrhythmia, bradycardia);
- concomitant use with heparin.
Initially, the manufacturer of Sumamed was Croatia, but since 2007, other companies have begun to produce the drug. Unlike original products, in many analogues, the composition may differ in the content of azithromycin, the presence of impurities. The time for dissolving the agent in the blood may also vary, therefore, before buying an analog in a pharmacy, you need to consult a specialist. The most popular drugs with the same active substance are:
- Sumamed forte;
You can buy Sumamed at any pharmacy. The average price of tablets is approximately 360 rubles. On capsules, the cost is slightly higher - 500 r. In addition, you can find the medicine in the catalog, order and buy in the online store. The approximate cost of Sumamed in Moscow is presented in the table:
Price in rubles
powder for suspension 100 mg / 5 ml
tablets (6 pieces each)
Sumamed Forte 200 mg / 5 ml, 30 ml
250 mg capsules